# How to Create Your First Crypto Trading Bot
Waves blochchain is designed and built from the ground up for speed and scale. At the same time Waves is one of the most developer-friendly ecosystems. Waves blockchain exposes its functionality through a powerful REST API, that can be used with any programming language.
In this example, we will use python wrapper for the Waves Node API and Matcher API — PyWaves (opens new window) library, but there are other options for different programming languages as well, e.g. WavesCS for C# (opens new window) etc.
Pywaves is an object-oriented Python interface to the Waves blockchain which will help us to reduce the code complexity while maintaining its structure. Anything you learn using this library can be applied with pure HTTP API calls.
Waves Full Node performs almost like all other decentralized-cryptocurrencies: keeps a full-copy of the blockchain, verifies the transactions. The main differences are convenient REST API and Matcher.
Note: Matcher is disabled in default configuration file.
Node REST API allows working with Waves blockchain like with many other centralized platforms, e.g. Google, Facebook etc. In official Waves protocol’s Github repository, you can find RPC API documentation and description of used data structures. If you prefer API docs in Postman interface you can follow this link: https://nodes.wavesnodes.com/api-docs/openapi.yaml (opens new window).
Matcher is an exchange engine that executes incoming orders, creates Exchange Transactions, and puts them into blockchain to fix changes in balances of users. When a user sends an order to Matcher he doesn’t transfer ownership of his money to anyone, his money remains on his account until the order is matched with counter-order.
AssetPair — Pair of assets we want to exchange.
# Trading strategy
Scalping trading strategy (opens new window) widely used in trading, and crypto community is not an exception. There are a lot of variations of the strategy, the main difference between them is in size of timeframe. The strategy exploits small changes in currency prices: it buys at the mean price minus some price step (opens new window) and sells at the mean price plus some step, in order to gain the bid/ask difference. It normally involves establishing and liquidating a position quickly, in this case within 15 seconds. The bid and ask are the best potential prices that buyers and sellers are willing to transact at the bid for the buying side, and the ask for the selling side.
It's not suggested to use scalping strategy. The scalping strategy was chosen because of its simplicity to implement it in a bot.
The bot with initial parameters trades on Waves-BTC pair (Waves is an
amount asset and BTC is a
The spread mean price is
((best_bid + best_ask) // 2) * 10 ** (bot.price_asset.decimals - bot.amount_asset.decimals).
The price step is
0.5% from the mean price.
The bot places the buy order at price
meanprice * (1 - price_step) and the amount
(BTC_balance / bid_price) - order_fee. The sell order is placed at
meanprice * (1 + price_step) and the amount equal to
Waves_balance - order_fee.
# Let’s code, step-by-step
So, let’s get started! We’ll use Pywaves and configparser libraries for API calls and reading config file. Let's install them:
pip install pywaves pip install configparser
It’s better to make configuration file where we will store all sensitive and customizable settings. A common way for the task in python ecosystem is .cfg format. The main section of the file will contain general settings of the bot:
[main] # URI of the Full Node node = https://nodes.wavesnodes.com # select the network: testnet or mainnet network = mainnet # Instance of matcher matcher = https://matcher.waves.exchange order_fee = 300000 # order lifetime in seconds, max allowed 29 days order_lifetime = 86400 Additionally bot requires account and market details. [account] private_key = XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX [market] amount_asset = WAVES price_asset = XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
First of all, we should import all dependencies. Besides already mentioned pywaves and configparser we need next:
import pywaves as pw import datetime from time import sleep import math import os import configparser
Great, now we will define SimpleBot class as a wrapper of settings. We can set default settings in the constructor:
def __init__(self): self.log_file = "bot.log" self.node = "https://nodes.wavesnodes.com" self.chain = "mainnet" self.matcher = "https://matcher.waves.exchange" self.order_fee = int(0.003 * 10 ** 8) self.order_lifetime = 29 * 86400 # 29 days self.private_key = "" self.amount_asset = pw.WAVES self.price_asset_id = "8LQW8f7P5d5PZM7GtZEBgaqRPGSzS3DfPuiXrURJ4AJS" # BTC self.price_asset = pw.Asset(self.price_asset_id) self.price_step = 0.005 self.min_amount = 1 self.seconds_to_sleep = 15
SimpleBot also has a method for parsing configuration file and storing it in object fields, its simple enough with the configparser :
config = configparser.RawConfigParser() config.read(cfg_file) self.node = config.get('main', 'node') self.chain = config.get('main', 'network') ...
Using our new class SimpleBot and Pywaves library we finally can implement our business logic.
Pywaves requires some configuration before usage, all available methods are listed here, in our case, it’s enough to set:
pw.setNode(node=bot.node, chain=bot.chain) pw.setMatcher(node=bot.matcher)
We also need and an instance of our address:
my_address = pw.Address(privateKey=bot.private_key)
Pywaves method AssetPair creates a new AssetPair object with 2 asset objects, which we’d like to trade:
waves_btc = pw.AssetPair(bot.amount_asset, bot.price_asset)
In our simple example, amount asset is WAVES, price asset is BTC, but it can be changed in the config file.
Scalping trading strategy implies infinite trading with selected timeframe size, in our case 15 sec. Let’s define an infinite loop, where we’ll :
- Get Waves and BTC balances.
- Get orderBook of our AssetPair. It provides python dictionary with bids and asks amounts
- Calculate mean spread price
- Calculate bid and ask
- Calculate bid and ask amounts
- Post buy and sell orders
while True: # Get waves balance waves_balance = my_address.balance() # Get btc balance btc_balance = my_address.balance(bot.price_asset_id) # Get order book order_book = waves_btc.orderbook() # Get best bid and ask best_bid = order_book["bids"]["price"] best_ask = order_book["asks"]["price"] spread_mean_price = ((best_bid + best_ask) // 2) * 10 ** (bot.price_asset.decimals - bot.amount_asset.decimals) bid_price = spread_mean_price * (1 - bot.price_step) ask_price = spread_mean_price * (1 + bot.price_step) bid_amount = int((btc_balance / bid_price) * 10 ** pw.WAVES.decimals) - bot.order_fee ask_amount = int(waves_balance) - bot.order_fee # Send orders if bid_amount >= bot.min_amount: my_address.buy(assetPair=waves_btc, amount=bid_amount, price=bid_price, matcherFee=bot.order_fee, maxLifetime=bot.order_lifetime) if ask_amount >= bot.min_amount: my_address.sell(assetPair=waves_btc, amount=ask_amount, price=ask_price, matcherFee=bot.order_fee, maxLifetime=bot.order_lifetime) # Wait for the next tick sleep(bot.seconds_to_sleep)
We’re done. Your first trading bot is ready to go! Source code is available on github (opens new window)